Sunday 29 April 2018 | 11

Tarpan and the ecological balance

Mis à jour le 02 May 2018

The tarpan is a wild equine, probably the ancestor of our fellow horses. Introduced in our countryside, it provides ecological management of natural territories. Their return is orchestrated by the association ARTHEN that supports One Voice.

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The tarpan

Tarpan, wild horses descended from the primitive European horse that populated some parts of Eastern Europe until the 19th century. After their disappearance in the wild, their descendants were found among small horses used by local farmers. It was a Polish scientist, Professor Vetulani who undertook to save the species. Today, they live wild in several countries where they are recognized for their major role in the maintenance of grasslands. In the Netherlands in particular, they are found in herds of dozens or even hundreds living on reserves where they are able to find their original way of life. In France, first imported into Lorraine, they are present in a few small reserves, mainly located in the central-east of the country. (Source: Arthen)

The place of herbivores

No offense to hunters, but the merits of the presence of a species is not limited to a label “fair game" and the primary role of large wild herbivores is not to finish on a plate. Because, know it or not, herbivores are managers of the landscapes which, by their grazing, maintain the open areas like the meadows. Certainly, their populations must be regulated; but as Nature knows best, hers plans don’t include Sunday hunters, but instead natural predators such as wolves, bears and lynx. They don’t just kill the most beautiful specimens so they can hang their heads as trophies on their living room walls. They kill the sick or fragile thus participating in the health of an ecosystem in its entirety. To take full measure of this phenomenon, there is nothing else like the famous video from Yellowstone, illustrating the renewal of an entire environment following the return of wolves...

The usefulness of tarpan

The establishment of the tarpan populations in France has undeniable advantages. In contrast to sheep farming, they do not need sanitary treatments, which, when released back into the wild via excrement are the source of dramatic chemical pollution of the micro fauna. They are also naturally resistant and do not need shelter or food supplements. They are wild animals therefore autonomous, independent of humans and with a high added value for the environment. In other words, they are natural managers of ecosystems; the only ones to be able to maintain or participate in the return of a sustainable balance, beneficial to biodiversity.

To act

One Voice supports the return of large herbivores such as the tarpan in France. It represents a major challenge to our society which only sees a species directly useful to humans if they are beneficial. Unlike extensive farming or pastoralism, which are not as ecologically friendly as we would like to believe (in addition to medical treatments, herds are also destroying vulnerable areas by trampling over them); only naturally regulated wild species are truly respectful of nature.

The Arthen association is raising funds today to build a new park in Bugey to accommodate a new group of tarpan. This natural area is “dry grassland" in the process of becoming brush wood because the land was formerly grazed and has now been abandoned for several decades. Tarpan can contribute to maintaining the ecological interest of this environment, which contains a particular flora and fauna: orchids, butterflies and shrike, etc.

Firstly the area must be fenced off and some adjustments made such as water points and a round up area. One Voice supports this project and hopes that many of you will mobilize to make it possible. To learn more and make a donation, go to Ulule.

Photo credit: © Arthen.

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In the subject

The National Nature Reserve of the Ramières should not be reopened to the hunt! Stop palm oil being used in fuels!

Comments 11

I accept that publication of my comments is subject to the code of conduct.

Susan72 | Tuesday 01 May 2018

Merci, ce genre d'articles est utile aussi pour informer ceux qui croient que les animaux n'auront pas d'avenir si on cesse de les élever.

Et en réponse à Ewa Perczak juste en-dessous: Ne vous inquiétez pas de cela, il y a de plus en plus de scientifiques qui doutent qu'on puisse trouver un jour de la vie ailleurs que sur Terre!

dany | Monday 30 April 2018

Mais laissons les vivre en paix, c'est l'empreinte de l'homme qui est nuisible à notre éco système. Le détruit-'on pour autant,? non bien sûr. Pourtant il est nuisible sur bien des problèmes de notre planète

Lily | Monday 30 April 2018

devons absolument aider la vie et la nature à reconquérir les espaces détruits ou aseptisés par le seul prédateur qui devrait disparaître de notre si belle planète ?
Oui à tous les animaux ! Que notre Terre devait être belle, belle il n'y a pas si longtemps que ça !

Marinette | Monday 30 April 2018

Le Tarpan est un cheval magnifique qu' il faut protéger.